Bad Bunny Notches Third Week at No. 1 on Billboard Artist 100

Bad Bunny is still the artist to beat…

28-year-old Puerto Rican has logged a third week at No. 1 on the Billboard Artist 100 chart dated July 23, holding as the top musical act in the U.S. due to the continued success of his latest set Un Verano Sin Ti.

Bad BunnyThe album spends a fifth week at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 with 105,000 equivalent album units earned, according to Luminate. It has exceeded 100,000 units in each of its first 10 weeks on the chart, becoming the first album to link such a streak since Drake’s Views achieved the feat in its first 10 weeks in 2016.

 Un Verano Sin Ti also rules Top Latin Albums for a 10th week.

Bad Bunny concurrently places nine songs on the latest Billboard Hot 100, the most among all acts, and 23 on Hot Latin Songs.

Here’s a recap of his entries on the Hot 100:

Hot 100 Rank, Title
No. 6, “Me Porto Bonito,” with Chencho Corleone
No. 13, “Tití Me Preguntó”
No. 27, “Moscow Mule”
No. 47, “Efecto”
No. 56, “Despues de La Playa”
No. 59, “Party,” with Rauw Alejandro
No. 61, “Ojitos Lindos,” with Bomba Estéreo
No. 71, “Tarot,” with Jhay Cortez
No. 95, “Un Ratito”

The Artist 100 measures artist activity across key metrics of music consumption, blending album and track sales, radio airplay and streak.

Ivan Cornejo Scores First No. 1 on Regional Mexican Albums Chart with “Dañado”

Ivan Cornejo has a first No. 1… 

The 18-year-old Mexican American singer has secured his first chart-topper on Billboard’s Regional Mexican Albums chart as his sophomore album, Dañado, debuts atop the chart dated June 18.

Ivan Cornejo,The set concurrently starts at No. 4 on the Top Latin Albums chart.

The seven-track set arrives just eight months after Cornejo scored his first entry with the No. 2 debut and peaking album Alma Vacía (6,000 equivalent album units earned in its first week in the U.S., according to Luminate).

Dañado bests its predecessor with 8,000 equivalent album units earned in the U.S. in the latest tracking week ending June 9. As with most releases by Regional Mexican newcomers, streaming provides most of the album’s opening sum. That equates to 11.9 million on-demand official streams of the set’s tracks.

The Regional Mexican Albums chart ranks the most popular regional Mexican albums of the week in the U.S. based on multi-metric consumption as measured in equivalent album units, comprising album sales, track equivalent albums (TEA) and streaming equivalent albums (SEA). Each unit equals one album sale, or 10 individual tracks sold from an album, or 3,750 ad-supported or 1,250 paid/subscription on-demand official audio and video streams generated by songs from an album.

Cornejo gives Manzana Records its first No. 1 on any Billboard albums chart. Dañado is the Riverside, Calif.-born singer-songwriter’s second effort under Manzana, which was released June 2. Alma Vacía, his debut album, remained in the Regional Mexican Albums chart’s top 10 during its 35-week run.

Elsewhere, Dañado opens at No. 4 on the overall-Latin Top Latin Albums chart. It concurrently succeeds Alma Vacía, which reached No. 7 in October 2021. The set becomes just the fourth Regional Mexican album to debut in the ranking’s top 10 in 2022, behind Junior H’s Mi Vida En Un Cigarro 2 (No. 4, Feb. 26-dated tally), Yahritza y Su Esencia’s Obsessed (EP) (No. 7, May 7-dated ranking) and Eslabon Armado’s Nostalgia (No. 2, recap dated May 21).

Dañado grants Cornejo his second entry on the all-genre Billboard 200, starting at No. 149. It also bests Alma Vacía’s start (No. 156, Oct. 23). Cornejo becomes the fourth act to secure an entry there in 2022, trailing Junior H, Yahritza y Su Esencia and Eslabon Armado.

Dañado also becomes the eighth Spanish-language effort to debut on Billboard 200 this year. Here’s the scoreboard:

Debut/Peak Position, Title, Artist, Date
No. 39, Anniversary Trilogy, Bad Bunny, Jan. 15
No. 138, Mi Vida En Un Cigarro 2, Junior H, Feb. 26
No. 33, Motomami, Rosalía, April 2
No. 8, Legendaddy, Daddy Yankee, April 9
No. 173, Obsessed (EP), Yahritza y Su Esencia, May 7
No. 1, Un Verano Sin Ti, Bad Bunny, May 21
No. 5, Nostalgia, Eslabon Armado, May 21
No. 149, Dañado, Ivan Cornejo, June 18

Ozuna Signs with William Morris Endeavor (WME)

Ozuna has new representation…

William Morris Endeavor (WME) has signed the 30-year-old Puerto Rican singer and rapper in all areas.

Ozuna“I am excited to collaborate with many of the top agents at WME to further connect with my incredible fans in inventive ways and continue to bring my culture to the masses,” the Puerto Rican singer born Juan Carlos Ozuna Rosado said in a statement. “As an artist, I want to expand my brand and develop new and exciting opportunities together in all aspects of entertainment.”

His WME signing comes on the heels of the announcement of his 2022 global tour Ozutochi, which kicks off June 30 in Seville, Spain, and will make its way across Europe and the U.S. before wrapping on December 9 at the FTX Arena in Miami.

Ozuna kicked off 2022 with his Christina Aguilera duet, “Santo,” and dropped a trio of singles over the past few months, including “Deprimida,” “G-Wagon” and “Apretatio.”

Most recently, he released “Ceremonia,” which will appear in the upcoming HBO Max remake of Father of the Bride.

The artist is also working on his fifth studio album, which will follow his sets Odisea, Aura, ENOC, and Nibiru, all of which hit No. 1 on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart. Additionally, he’s placed over 100 entries in Hot Latin Songs, including five No. 1 hits: “Te Bote,” “Taki Taki,” “Otro Trago,” “China,” and “Mamacita.”

Becky G to Perform at MLB’s All-Star Saturday Extra Innings Concert

Becky G is getting into the game…

The 25-year-old Mexican American bilingual singer, rapper and actress will perform at Major League Baseball’s MGM Rewards All-Star Saturday Extra Innings concert.

Becky GBecky G’s freshly released album Esquemas, the follow-up to her debut set Mala Santa, scored the artist her first No. 1 — and first entry — on Billboard’s Latin Pop Albums. It concurrently debuted at No. 5 on Top Latin Albums. 

Becky G has won the American Music Award for Favorite Latin Female Artist two years in a row (2020 and 2021) and the E! People’s Choice Award for The Latin Artist of 2020.

Additionally, MLB revealed the rest of their star-studded lineup of events for its first-ever All-Star Saturday during All-Star Week at Los Angeles’s Dodger Stadium, including the SiriusXM All-Star Futures Game and the 2022 MGM Rewards All-Star Celebrity Softball Game.

The All-Star Saturday Extra Innings concert, All-Star Futures Game and the All-Star Celebrity Softball Game are all included with the purchase of an All-Star Saturday ticket, which are now available to purchase at AllStarGame.com.

Ticket prices currently range from $25 to $140. Gates at Dodger Stadium open at 2 p.m. on July 16 with the first 10,000 fans to receive a special All-Star souvenir giveaway.

Ozuna Earns 28th No. 1 on Billboard’s Latin Airplay Chart with “Deprimida”

There’s no reason for Ozuna to be deprimido

The 30-year-old Puerto Rican singer collects his 28th No. 1 on Billboard’s Latin Airplay chart as “Deprimida” rises 7-1 on the June 4-dated ranking.

OzunaThe song ascends from No. 7 in its 13th week due to a 50% increase in audience impressions earned in the U.S. in the week ending May 29, according to Luminate.

The 50% gain, which equates to 9.9 million in audience impressions, earns “Deprimida” the Greatest Gainer honors of the week, and sends Becky G and Karol G’s “Mamiii” to No. 2 after its second nonconsecutive week at the summit.

“Deprimida’s” top three stations, by audience, in the tracking week were in New York: WSKQ leads with 155,000 in audience impressions, followed by WXNY (827,000) and WPAT (595,000).

With 28 leaders on his Latin Airplay account, Ozuna extends his third-most ranking among all acts since the chart launched in 1994, standing only behind J Balvin’s 35 No. 1s and Enrique Iglesias’ 32 leaders.

Here’s the recap of the scoreboard mainly dominated by Latin rhythmic acts:

35, J Balvin
32, Enrique Iglesias
28, Ozuna
25, Daddy Yankee
21, Maluma
20, Wisin
19, Romeo Santos

“Deprimida” is the first single from Ozuna’s upcoming sixth studio album Ozutuchi. He has placed a total of five studio sets on the Top Latin Albums chart, all which have debuted in the penthouse, dating back to his 46-week champ Odisea in 2017.

Beyond its victory on the Latin Airplay chart, “Deprimida” concurrently ascends 4-1 on Latin Rhythm Airplay. 

It gives Ozuna his 27th leader there, also the third-most trailing J Balvin’s 34 No. 1s and Daddy Yankee’s 32.

Thanks to its radio push, the song re-enters at No. 43 on the all-metric Hot Latin Songs chart (it previously peaked at No. 34 peak on the March 12-dated recap).

Christina Aguilera Releases New Spanish EP “La Tormenta”

Christina Aguilera is embracing the torment

The 41-year-old half-Ecuadorian American Grammy-winning singer has released her new EP La Tormenta.

Christina AguileraAguilera has postponed the release of the five-track production, which includes her highly anticipated collaboration with Tini, “Sueltame,” following the school shooting in Uvalde, Texas.

The follow-up to Aguilera’s six-track EP La Fuerza, released in January, the new EP is home to tracks that not only continue to showcase Xtina’s powerful vocals singing in Spanish, but also her experimental ability to tap into reggaeton and other Latin rhythmic melodies while maintaining her pop essence.

“Sueltame” marks the EP’s focus single alongside Argentine pop star, Tini, a sultry tango-meets-urban collaboration where the lady takes matters into her own hands.

“If you want to kiss me, kiss me/ If you want to touch me, touch me/ But this only lasts until the morning/ If you want me to come back, let me go,” goes part of the lyrics.

The release of La Tormenta was postponed to respect those who lost their lives in the senseless mass shooting at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas.

“I will be postponing the release of my new music as we mourn with the community of Uvalde,” Aguilera wrote via her Instagram Story on Thursday, May 26. “My heart breaks for the families and loved ones of the children and educators affected by this tragedy. I urge our leaders to make immediate changes on laws around gun control.”

Both La Tormenta and La Fuerza mark Xtina’s first Spanish effort in more than 20 years since Mi Reflejo, which debuted at No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Latin Albums chart in 2000.

With La Fuerza, Aguilera returned to Billboard’s Latin album charts with its No. 1 debut on the Latin Pop Albums chart dated February 5.

Bad Bunny Helps Propel Streaming of Latin Music Past Country for First Time Ever in U.S.

Bad Bunny is helping push Latin music to new heights…

In a week where the 28-year-old Puerto Rican superstar’s Un Verano Sin Ti dominated the charts, the new album accounted for 18% of all U.S. Latin on-demand streams and pushed the genre’s streaming market share past country for the first time ever.

Bad Bunny

According to Luminate, last week (the week ending May 12) was the Latin genre’s highest streaming week to date with over 1.8 billion weekly ODA streams, largely driven by Bad Bunny’s new set.

It’s also greater than any weekly total for the country genre to date, according to the data company, making Latin the fourth most on-demand streamed genre, currently, in the U.S. (after hip-hop, rock and pop).

Additionally, of the top 50 streaming markets, cities like Orlando, Milwaukee and San Diego experienced significant Latin streaming increases.

On the Billboard charts, Bad Bunny’s 23-track set debuts at No. 1 on the Billboard 200Top Latin Albums and Latin Rhythm Albums charts.

Furthermore, every song from the album lands on the Hot Latin Songs chart, and 22 of those songs also debut on the all-genre Billboard Hot 100. With Un Verano Sin Ti released on May 6, Bad Bunny breaks a record with 274,000 equivalent album units earned in the U.S., marking the biggest week for any Latin music album by equivalent album units earned.

Un Verano Sin Ti becomes the second all-Spanish album to rule the Billboard 200 — the first one to sit atop the chart was Bad Bunny’s El Último Tour del Mundo in 2020.

Moreover, Bad Bunny’s new album isn’t the only Spanish set to enter the Billboard 200 this week. For the first time ever, two all-Spanish-language albums have placed in the top 10 simultaneously as Eslabon Armado’s Nostalgia debuts at No. 9 on the tally. The teenage group’s 14-track album makes history as the first top 10-charting regional Mexican album ever on the Billboard 200.

Bad Bunny and Eslabon Armado’s notable achievements reflect an enduring genre growth trend.

According to Luminate, Latin gained more than any other genre last year, growing its market share to 5.39% — up 9% from 4.95% of the market in 2019. Meanwhile, Country had a minor bump in the market share from 7.91% in 2019 to 8.09% in 2021. It’s worth noting that Latin’s growth is driven by streaming, which accounts for 97.2% of Latin music’s consumption activity, whereas Country’s streaming growth has been slower.

“While Bad Bunny’s new album was certainly a primary driver behind Latin’s record-setting numbers this week, we’ve been tracking the genre’s significant audio streaming growth since the start of the pandemic in March of 2020,” says Luminate CEO Rob Jonas. “Since then, Latin has cemented itself as one of the major genres in the US, alongside R&B/HipHop, Rock, Pop, and Country. We’re interested to see how it will continue to grow globally and how it will impact cultural trends and Latin music’s influence across markets.”

Eslabon Armado Makes History on Billboard 200 Chart

Eslabon Armado is making history on the Billboard charts…

The California-based Regional Mexican group’s fifth studio album Nostalgia has stormed to No. 1 on Billboard’s Regional Mexican Albums chart, as well as the top 10 on the Top Latin Albums and all-genre Billboard 200 charts (all dated May 21).

Eslabon ArmadoEslabon Armado — comprised of brothers Brian and Pedro Tovar (18 and 19, respectively), Ulises Gonzalez (20) and Damian Fidel Pacheco (20) — arrives at a new career achievement, scoring the first top 10-charting regional Mexican album ever on the Billboard 200. (Regional Mexican albums are defined as those that have hit Billboard’s Regional Mexican Albums chart.)

Debuting at No. 9, Nostalgia bests the group’s previous three entries there, including a top 20 appearance (Vibras de Noche, No. 18, August 2020).

“We never expected to debut so high, it’s truly a blessing,” Pedro Tovar tells Billboard. “We hope this becomes our best project; we really love it.”

Further, Eslabon is the first group to score a top 10 with a Latin album on the Billboard 200 since Santana’s Africa Speaks arrived and peaked at No. 3 in June 2019.

Over on the Latin charts, Nostalgia, released May 6 via DEL Records, starts at No. 1 on Regional Mexican Albums with 29,500 equivalent album units earned in the U.S. in the week ending May 12, according to Luminate.

The chart ranks the most popular regional Mexican albums of the week in the U.S. based on multimetric consumption as measured in equivalent album units, comprising album sales, track equivalent albums (TEA) and streaming equivalent albums (SEA). Each unit equals one album sale, or 10 individual tracks sold from an album, or 3,750 ad-supported or 1,250 paid/subscription on-demand official audio and video streams generated by songs from an album.

Nearly all of Nostalgia’s starting sum was driven by SEA units, which equates to 42.82 million on-demand official streams of the album’s 14 songs. That’s the biggest streaming week for a regional Mexican album.

The set’s arrival at the summit of Regional Mexican Albums marks the group’s fifth consecutive No. 1 — the entirety of its charting efforts.

The act previously topped the chart, which launched in 1985, with Tu Veneno Mortal, Vol. 2 (No. 1 for three weeks), Corta Venas (54 weeks), Vibras de Noche (11) and Tu Veneno Mortal (eight).

Corta Venas continues to have the third-most weeks at No. 1 on the chart, behind Christian Nodal’s Me Dejé Llevar (73 weeks) and Selena’s Amor Prohibido (97).

“The most challenging aspect of the creative process of the album was putting everything together, the guitars, the bass, the vocals,” Tovar continues. “Putting it all together with new band members made the magic.”

Nostalgia concurrently debuts at No. 2 on Top Latin Albums, the band’s best start, in terms of rank, since Vibras de Noche arrived at No. 1 with 23,000 equivalent album units in August 2020. The former arrives in the runner-up slot behind Bad Bunny’s monster start of 274,000 units with Un Verano Sin Ti.

As Nostalgia arrives, nine of its songs dot the all-metric Hot Latin Songs chart.

Here’s a recap:

No. 27, “Si Supieras” with DannyLux
No. 28, “Dos Morritas,” with Junior H
No. 31, “Vete a la Fregada”
No. 32, ‘Modo Depre :(”
No. 35, “Hasta La Muerte,” with Iván Cornejo
No. 38, “La Perrie,” with Fuerza Regida
No. 39, “Luces Rojas”
No. 42, “Mente en Alto”
No. 43, “Solo,” with Erre

Juan Gabriel’s Estate Signs Exclusive Worldwide Agreement with Virgin Music US Latin; New Music Releases Expected

There’s new Juan Gabriel music heading your way…

Six years after his death, the late Mexican superstar’s estate has signed an exclusive worldwide agreement with Virgin Music US Latin, which will represent the singer’s post-2008 catalog and future recordings, and has also extended its publishing administration agreement with Universal Music Publishing Group, which will exclusively represent Gabriel’s extraordinary catalog of songs worldwide.

Juan GabrielThe deal is particularly important because unbeknownst to many, Gabriel left behind dozens of new recordings, including brand new, never released before material and re-recordings of old songs.

As one of the most recorded songwriters in Latin music and one of its biggest stars, the potential for those works is immense.

“We have a lot of material in different stages,” says Victor Gonzalez, president of Virgin Music Latin America & Iberian Peninsula.

This includes a third duets album (Gabriel recorded two prior to his death, both of them hits) featuring six or seven tracks with artists including Mon LaFerte and Gloria Trevi; additional, posthumous duets (which will use Gabriel’s previously-recorded vocals) will be included as well.

Gabriel died of a heart attack the morning of August 28, 2016 in Los Angeles as he readied for a flight to El Paso following a show at the Forum.

At the time, the 66-year-old singer and icon was at the apex of his career, enjoying a spectacular second act. He was in the midst of the U.S. leg of his MeXXico Es Todos tour, a 22-city arena trek that had him playing 360 stages to accommodate sold-out crowds.

He ranked at No. 18 on Billboard’s 2015 Money Makers list (just below Ed Sheeran and just above Florida Georgia Line).

He also scored the year’s highest-grossing Latin tour (bringing in $31.8 million) as well as the year’s top-selling Latin album, Los Duo.

The week before his death, his latest album, Vestido de Etiqueta: Por Eduardo Magallanes, debuted at No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Latin Albums chart. A TV series based on his life was slated for the fall.

“He was at the height of his career. He was happy, happy, happy,” says González. “He was recording while he was on tour and because he was so healthy, we were able to re-record old songs and new material, and none of that saw the light of day, because he died.”

It was Jesus López who signed Gabriel to a 10-album contract with Universal Music Mexico in 2008, in a deal with a long back story. Gabriel signed his first label deal in 1971 with RCA in Mexico when he was 21 years old, at a time when publishing was typically included in recording deals.

In 1986 — after he became a major star and RCA was acquired by BMG — he famously stopped recording for seven years in protest of his original deal, under which the label owned not only his recording masters but also his songs.

Gabriel’s recorded music output resumed in 1994 when Jesús López (now the chairman of Universal Music Latin America/Iberian Penninsula), who had just been named president of BMG Latin, personally met with Gabriel and convinced him to record again after agreeing to give him ownership of his songs.

The first album under that arrangement was 1994’s Gracias por Esperar.

Gabriel’s recording deal eventually went to Sony after it acquired BMG; when that deal expired in 2008, González approached him with a new proposal.

“I suggested 10 albums that included a live album, a banda album, duets albums and three albums of new material,” says González. The first album under the deal — Juan Gabriel — was released in 2010. In an innovative twist, Universal agreed to let Gabriel retain ownership of his masters.

After Gabriel died in 2016, it took several years to untangle his affairs. Now, with his son Iván Aguilera the sole beneficiary of his estate, his legacy is ready to move on.

In 2020, Aguilera announced a partnership with Jampol Artist Management (JAM), a company that specializes in managing, preserving and developing artist estates whose clients include the estates of Jim Morrison and Janis Joplin. Gabriel is their first Latin client, but he fit the company’s philosophy, says founder and CEO Jeff Jampol.

“When we talk about these huge legacies, they’re important not only artistically, of course, but sociologically and culturally and they mean a lot to a lot of people. Successful artists have magic,” says Jampol. “Juan Gabriel stands for something. The secret to my business is figuring out what that magic is and exposing it credibly and authentically.”

In 2020, Jampol and Gabriel’s estate — working with Melinda Zanoni of Apollo Sports & Entertainment Law Group and business manager Louis Barajas of the firm LAB — announced plans to release a documentary filmed during Gabriel’s last concert on Aug. 26, 2016, in Los Angeles, as well as a merchandise line, television series, feature film, theatrical stage show, books, tribute shows and a wax figure with Museo de Cera.

But having new music and new recordings to draw from pushes the value of the new deal to another level. Says Jampol, “These two deals [recorded music and publishing] combined are probably one of the highest valued deals I’ve made in the history of the company.”

In terms of publishing alone, “Juan Gabriel is one of the most important songwriters and artists in Latin music history,” says Alexandra Lioutikoff, president of UMPG for Latin America and U.S. Latin. “His catalog of music across 45 years is proof that great songs stand the test of time and continue to live on. Juan Gabriel is one of the strongest examples of a Latin music legacy catalog that is thriving through generations of fans around the world.”

For González, the deal will bring to life music he was personally close to.

“He was in the middle of a very creative period [when he died],” he says. “I spent some time with him in Playa del Carmen, for example, where he had a recording studio in his home, and he’d wake up and say, ‘I want to record!’ I lived it with him. I saw the day to day. He’d write and say, ‘Come and see me!’”

Daddy Yankee Earns Seventh No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Latin Albums Chart

Daddy Yankee is going out with a bang…

The 45-year-old Puerto Rican rapper, singer and songwriter as earned his seventh No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Latin Albums chart as Legendaddy debuts at No. 1 on the April 9-dated list.

Daddy YankeeThe 19-track set, released March 25 via El Cartel/Republic, stands out as his first album in over 10 years and is set to be a farewell celebration of his 32-year musical career.

Streaming powers the majority of the Legendaddy’s first-week activity. Just under 27,000 units stem from streaming equivalent album units, 2,000 comprise traditional album sales, while the remaining units derive from track equivalent album units.

Legendaddy starts with 29,000 equivalent album units earned in the U.S. in the week ending March 31, according to Luminate, formerly MRC Data. That’s the largest week in terms of units earned this year for any Latin album, ahead of Bad Bunny’s YHLQMDLG which logged 22,000 units on the April 2-dated survey.

Legendaddy is Daddy Yankee’s first No. 1 on Top Latin Albums in almost a decade. He last ruled with the two-week champ Prestige in 2012. In between he posted one top 10: King Daddy (No. 7 high) in November 2013.

The set concurrently opens at No. 8 on Billboard 200, the Puerto Rican’s highest charting album there. He’s charted one other top 10, the No. 9-peaking El Cartel: The Big Boss in 2007.

The Top Latin Albums chart ranks the most popular Latin albums of the week in the U.S. based on multimetric consumption as measured in equivalent album units. Units comprise album sales, track equivalent albums (TEA) and streaming equivalent albums (SEA). Each unit equals one album sale, or 10 individual tracks sold from an album, or 3,750 ad-supported or 1,250 paid/subscription on-demand official audio and video streams generated by songs from an album.

As Legendaddy arrives, 12 songs from the album debut on Hot Latin Songs, which blends airplay, streaming data, and digital sales, led by “X Última Vez,” with Bad Bunny at No. 6. The song traces its start to 6.51 million U.S. streams earned in the week ending March 31. It also benefits from 700 sales downloads, which prompts a No. 11 debut on Latin Digital Song Sales.

Here is a summary of Legendaddy’s 12 songs on Hot Latin Songs:

No. 6, “X Última Vez,” with Bad Bunny
No. 13, “Remix”
No. 19, “Rumbatón”
No. 21, “Agua”
No. 23, “Hot,” with Pitbull
No. 24, “Para Siempre,” with Sech
No. 28, “Pasatiempo,” with Myke Towers
No. 32, “Zona del Perreo,” with Natti Natasha & Becky G
No. 33, “Bombón,” El Alfa & Lil Jon
No. 38, “Uno Quitao y Otro Puesto”
No. 39, “Campeón”
No. 45, “El Abusador del Abusador”